Macular Degeneration Testing in Milwaukee
What is Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is a disease in which the center of the retina, also known as the macula, deteriorates and causes vision loss. Yellow deposits of drusen found under the retina are a potential indicator of the disease.
The macula plays a vital role in how the eye operates. The center of the retina enables a person to read, drive safely, differentiate visual details and recognize colors or faces. Without a healthy macula, our center field of vision can be spotty, blurred or completely blocked out. The disease usually begins at age 50 and above.
Grange Vision provides testing for macular degeneration to our Milwaukee area patients. Certain symptoms may appear to be associated with another disease, so it’s always smart to double-check with an optometrist. Our Milwaukee eye doctor treats all patients with the exact same quality of care and answers any questions you might have. Don’t wait until your vision gets worse – contact Grange Vision immediately!
What are the Symptoms of Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration symptoms can vary from gradual to sudden vision loss. Both forms are completely painless, but they have the same end result. Getting checked from an optometrist is a smart decision if you experience any of the following symptoms:
- Partial vision-loss
- Blurred or distorted vision
- Seeing spots
- Difficulty seeing in dim lighting
- Straight lines are wavy or distorted
Grange Vision provides macular degeneration testing and diagnosis. After diagnosing, we target the specific type of macular degeneration and take the next steps in proper treatment.
Are there Different Types of Macular Degeneration?
Yes, macular degeneration has two types: dry (atrophic) and wet (exudative).
Dry macular degeneration is the most common of the two types. Dry doesn’t involve blood or serum leakage, but vision loss might still occur. Although there’s no known cure for dry macular degeneration, the disease advances much slower than wet.
There are 3 stages of dry macular degeneration:
-Early: Vision loss isn’t apparent at this stage, but can be diagnosed by noticing the appearance of drusen under the retina.
-Intermediate: Medium-sized drusen deposits start to appear, but most patients do not experience any severe symptoms. Some patients do experience a slight blur in the center of their vision and might need more light to see, read, etc.
-Advanced: This stage is also known as geographic atrophy. The patient can experience blind spots and have trouble recognizing faces.
This type of macular degeneration is a rare form of the disease. Abnormal blood vessels form under the retina and can bleed or leak fluid, which causes the macula to shift from its position. The shift causes vision distortion, or dark spots in the center of their vision.
What are the Risk Factors of Macular Degeneration?
AMD cannot be completely avoided, but it can be controlled with early detection. There are several risk factors that can contribute to the disease, including:
- Unhealthy diet
- Lighter eye color
- High blood pressure
- Family history
AMD affects Caucasians far more than any other race and women are more likely to experience macular degeneration than men. Even though age is a major factor for AMD that cannot be avoided, taking care of your overall health will help in the future. Start practicing healthy habits now to keep your eyes healthy.
Macular Degeneration Diagnosis & Care from Eye Doctor in Milwaukee
AMD is an incurable disease, but there are several treatments available. Special treatments and medications have been proven to slow down AMD symptoms.
Macular degeneration treatments include:
- Laser eye surgery
- Prescription medications
- Corrective lenses; contact lenses or glasses
After diagnosing a patient with AMD, our Milwaukee optometrist will determine the next course of action and possible treatment. Grange Vision provides the best eye care and macular degeneration testing for patients with all different types of concerns. We also test for glaucoma, cataracts, astigmatism, and more.